SIO115 Ice and the Climate System

Syllabus & Timetable 2020

Monday/Wednesday/Friday 9am in Revelle Conference Room (4301)

Please put your cell phones away before coming into my classes.  If you are a medical person on call, or if you have children, or if there is some other legitimate reason why you might need to take a phone call during my class, then please let me know.


Homework is assigned each Friday and due the following Friday. 

There are eight homeworks in total.

Late policy: 10% off every day after Friday. Homework needs to be in before the start of the next class because we might go over homework then.

You are expected to submit homeworks electronically, typed up in a PDF format.

You are allowed to use any program to type up your answers, but encouraged to use LaTeX! To facilitate the use of LaTeX, you will find templates for each homework on the course website, which are pre-populated with the questions for that homework. All that's left for you to do is going to the main.tex document on the directory on the left, adding your own name to the document, and writing your answers wherever it says "Your answer here." You can find some more information on how to get started with LaTeX here. 

When submitting homework, please stick to the naming convention SIO115-HwXX-Lastname-Firstname.pdf, so for example, SIO115-HW01-Doe-Jane.pdf for the first homework. Please email your answers to parndt@ucsd.edu with subject line SIO115 Homework X Lastname Firstname by the appropriate deadline.


 

TA: Philipp Arndt: parndt@ucsd.edu

HELPFUL NOTES TO ASSIST IN PAPER READING AND DISCUSSION

 


Find in page:

 



Week 1.  Introduction to the Cryosphere in the Earth System

  • 6 January:  Elements of the cryosphere; importance of the cryosphere **Week 1 Slides**
  • 8 January:  Role of the cryosphere in the climate system; NASA Tour of Cryosphere video partially shown in class
  • 10 January: Role of the cryosphere in the climate system; sea-level change; paper & book discussion

Discussion papers:


***Guidelines for paper discussions***

Additional reading:

  • Chapter 1 of "The Cryosphere" by Shawn Marshall.
  • Chapters 1, 2 and 3 of the UNEP Report


Homework 1 (due Friday 17 January): Cryosphere and its importance for climate   [LaTeX template]

 


Week 2.  Past climate change and past climate records

  • 13 January: Transition of snow to ice; ice divides; ice cores  Video  ** Week 2 Slides **
  • 15 January: Ice ages; ocean isotopes
  • 17 January: Paper discussion for ice cores and ice ages (Lorius and Petit)

​Discussion papers:

​Additional reading:


​Clarification:
An informal explanation of temperature reconstruction from stable oxygen isotope ratios 
(δ18O) in ice cores.

Homework 2 (due Friday 24 January): Ice Cores and Past Climate

- Data for homework: icecore_isotope_data.txt, insolation.txt
- MATLAB template to get started: core_template.txt (to import the script directly into MATLAB you need to change the file extension to ".m")
​- LaTeX template

email with LaTeX clarifications & MATLAB first-timer instructions

 


 

Week 3.  Snow cover, river ice and lake ice

  • 20 January: MARTIN LUTHER KING HOLIDAY -- NO CLASS
  • 22 January: Snow cover ** Week 3 Slides *** ​
  • 24 January: River Ice and lake Ice

Discussion papers:

Additional reading:


Homework 3 (due Friday 31 January): Snow cover and lake ice  [latex template]

 


 

 Week 4. Lake ice & permafrost

  • 27 January: Permafrost; active layer; importance of permafrost to climate *** Week 4 Slides ***
  • 29 January: Permafrost; thermokarst; under sea permafrost; effects of thawing permafrost; monitoring permafrost
  • 31 January: Permafrost wrap up and paper discussion (see below)

Discussion papers on permafrost:

Extra discussion papers:

Suggested additional reading:

Watch:

Homework 4 (due Friday 7 February): Permafrost  [LaTeX template]     

 


 

Week 5.  Sea ice

  • 3 February:  Sea ice; ice-albedo feedback; sea-ice types ** Week 5 Slides ***
  • 5 February: Sea ice growth; monitoring sea-ice extent and thickness
  • 7 February:  Age of sea ice; future projections.

​​Discussion papers:

Extra discussion papers:

Suggested additional reading:

    • Chapter 5 of "The Cryosphere" (~20 easy pages)
    • Chapter 5 of UNEP report   Arctic Report Card 2014 (see 18 December item on class media page)


Homework 5 (due Friday 14 February): Sea ice   [latex template]

 


Week 6.  Land ice: Glaciers and ice caps (GIC)

  • 10 February:  Introduction to GIC; types of glaciers; contribution of GIC to sea-level *** Week 6 Slides ***
  • 12 February:  Transformation of snow to ice; glacier mass balance
  • 14 February:  Glacier mass balance & measurement

Discussion papers:

Extra reading:

Suggested additional reading:

Watch:

READ INSTRUCTIONS FOR TERM PAPER

Homework 6 (due Friday 21 February): Glacier mass budget   [latex template]
Please research your term paper to the point that you can answer question 1 on next week's homework:
1.  Term paper. By now you should have a topic picked out for your term paper.  Please write a concise, clear paragraph (150-200 words) on what your topic is about, and provide three real peer-reviewed references that you have looked at on this topic.  [10]

 


Week 7.  Land ice: Ice sheets (Greenland & Antarctica)

  • 17 February: PRESIDENTS' DAY HOLIDAY - NO CLASS
  • 19 February: Mass balance of ice sheets; ice streams *** Week 7 Slides ***
  • 21 February: Ice-ocean interaction; basal melting; surface melting; iceberg calving -- Greenland and Antarctica

Discussion papers:

Extra reading:


Homework 7 (due Friday 28 February): Glaciers and ice shelves [LaTeX Template]


 

Week 8.  Land ice: Glacier Dynamics
No homework -- work on your presentation and term paper.

**** A FRIENDLY REMINDER TO PLEASE FILL IN YOUR CAPE FORMS 🙂  http://www.cape.ucsd.edu****

  • 24 February: Surface melting in Greenland and Antarctica *** Week 8 Slides ***
  • 26 February: Glacier dynamics: creep; flow-law; force balance
  • 28 February: Ice dynamics; glacier surges; subglacial systems

Discussion papers:

Extra reading:

No homework -- work on your presentation and term paper.

 


Week 9. Changes in land ice

**** PLEASE FILL IN YOUR CAPE FORMS http://www.cape.ucsd.edu ****

  • 3 March:  Subglacial water; subglacial processes; subglacial lakes​ *** Week 9 Slides ***
  • 5 March: Marine ice sheet instability; ice shelf changes; buttressing
  • 7 March: Wrap up and paper discussion (see below -- two papers)

Read 2014 media page about the West Antarctic Ice Sheet instability

Link to VICE program on Antarctic mass loss

Discussion papers for Friday:

Extra reading

 

​Homework 8 (due Friday 13 March): Glacier and ice sheet dynamics & hydrology [LaTeX Template]

 


 

Week 10. Lightning presentations of term papers 
(10 minutes each)

TIPS FOR GIVING LIGHTNING TALKS

PPT template for lightning talk​

Please upload your presentation to the Google Drive
Filename format: "Last_name-Day-SIO115.ppt" e.g. "Fricker-Monday-SIO115.ppt"
Google Drive

**** PLEASE FILL IN YOUR CAPE FORMS http://www.cape.ucsd.edu ****

Please show up to all term paper presentations to support your fellow students!

Final term papers are due on Friday 13th March at 4pm, as electronic files to hafricker@ucsd.edu and parndt@ucsd.edu.

There will be no exceptions to this deadline unless there is a valid medical or childcare reason.


Week 11. Exam week

EXAM STUDY GUIDE

Good luck everyone!


Course texts

IPCC: Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate (SROCCC)

UNEP Report: Global Outlook for Snow and Ice

CLiC Integrated Global Observing Strategy Report 

IPCC AR5 Chapter 4 (Final Draft)